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Journal for Biophysical Chemistry

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  • Open Access

Settlement behavior of swimming algal spores on gradient surfaces

  • 1Email author,
  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 2 and
  • 2

  • Received: 19 December 2005
  • Accepted: 17 February 2006


When surfaces possessing gradients of surface energy are incubated with motile spores from the green seaweed Ulva, the spores attach on the hydrophilic part of the gradient in larger numbers than they do on the hydrophobic part. This result is opposite to the behavior of the spores observed on the homogeneous hydrophobic and hydrophic surfaces. The data suggest that the gradients have a direct and active influence on the spores, which may be due to the biased migration of the spores during the initial stages of surface sensing.