Confinement and compression of an oligomer brush
© American Vacuum Society 2010
Received: 20 April 2010
Accepted: 26 May 2010
Self-assembled monolayers and oligomer brushes confined between two parallel plates show compressional forces that are nonmonotonic as a function of plate separation. In a realistic model of short alkanethiols, based on the rotationally isomeric state model with parameters from ab initio calculations, the authors show that nonmonotonic forces arise from the elimination of longer conformers as the distance between the plates is reduced. This nonmonotonicity is a size effect that disappears when the length of the polymer molecule is sufficiently increased. An analytical model is developed that allows experimentalists to extract energy-averaged brush height distributions from compressional force curves.