Journal for Biophysical Chemistry

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Open Access

Nanopatterning by block copolymer micelle nanolithography and bioinspired applications

  • Theobald Lohmüller1, 2, 3,
  • Daniel Aydin1, 2, 4,
  • Marco Schwieder1, 2,
  • Christoph Morhard1, 2,
  • Ilia Louban1, 2,
  • Claudia Pacholski1, 2 and
  • Joachim P. Spatz1, 2

Received: 27 October 2010

Accepted: 21 December 2010


This comprehensive overview of block copolymer micelle nanolithography (BCMN) will discuss the synthesis of inorganic nanoparticle arrays by means of micellar diblock copolymer approach and the resulting experimental control of individual structural parameters of the nanopattern, e.g., particle density and particle size. Furthermore, the authors will present a combinational approach of BCMN with conventional fabrication methods, namely, photolithography and electron beam lithography, which combines the advantages of high-resolution micronanopatterning with fast sample processing rates. In addition, the authors will demonstrate how these nanoparticle assemblies can be transferred to polymer substrates with a wide range of elasticity. In the second part of this report the authors will introduce some of the most intriguing applications of BCMN in biology and materials science: The authors will demonstrate how nanoparticle arrays may be used as anchor points to pattern functional proteins with single molecule resolution for studying cellular adhesion and present a technological roadmap to high-performance nanomaterials by highlighting recent applications for biomimetic optics and nanowires. nt]mis|These authors contributed equally to this work.