Biointerphases

Journal for Biophysical Chemistry

Biointerphases Cover Image
Open Access

Biomimetic assembly of polyelectrolyte multilayers containing phosvitin monitored with reflectometric interference spectroscopy

  • Steffi Grohmann1,
  • Holger Rothe1,
  • Susanne Eisenhuth1,
  • Christian Hoffmann1 and
  • Klaus Liefeith1
Biointerphases6:3

https://doi.org/10.1116/1.3589176

Received: 21 March 2011

Accepted: 16 May 2011

Abstract

Coatings of biomaterials or implants that facilitate biomineralization possess a great potential for applications focused to the replacement, augmentation, and regeneration of bone tissue. Biomimetic approaches utilize biomolecules for either templating or supporting the crystallization process. One of these promising biomolecules is phosvitin (PV), an egg yolk protein known to transport and store inorganic phosphates and calcium ions. The incorporation of PV into polyelectrolyte multilayers is favorable due to PVs high degree of phosphorylation and thus a high acidity. Utilizing the reflectometric interference spectroscopy, the adsorption kinetics of this novel polyelectrolyte system composed of poly-L-lysine and the heavily phosphorylated phosvitin were monitored. The results demonstrate an unexpected nonregular growth regime called overshoot. Effective measures of shifting this irregular polyelectrolyte adsorption process back to a regular multilayer growth regime are reported in this paper.